Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)

Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)  was founded in 2012. IPBES is modelled on the U.N. panel on climate change, which advises governments on ways to tackle global warming. It was established in Panama City, on 21 April 2012 by 94 governments.

It is the intergovernmental body which assesses the state of biodiversity and of the ecosystem services it provides to society, in response to requests from decision makers. It has Current membership of124 governments. IPBES is placed under the auspices of four United Nations entities: UNEP, UNESCO, FAO and UNDP and administered by UNEP. Its secretariat is hosted by the German government and located on the UN campus, in Bonn, Germany.

IPBES mission

The mission of IPBES is to strengthen the science-policy interface for biodiversity and ecosystem services for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, long-term human well-being and sustainable development.


(a) To identify and prioritize key scientific information needed for policymakers on appropriate scales and to catalyse efforts to generate new knowledge by engaging in dialogue with key scientific organizations, policymakers and funding organizations, but not to directly undertake new research;

(b) To perform regular and timely assessments of knowledge on biodiversity and ecosystem services and their interlinkages, which should include comprehensive global, regional and, as necessary, subregional assessments and thematic issues at appropriate scales and new topics identified by science and as decided upon by the Plenary;

(c) To support policy formulation and implementation by identifying policy-relevant tools and methodologies to enable decision makers to gain access to those tools and methodologies and, where necessary, to promote and catalyse their further development;

(d) To prioritize key capacity-building needs to improve the science-policy interface at appropriate levels and then provide and call for financial and other support for the highest-priority needs related directly to its activities, as decided by the Plenary, and to catalyse financing for such capacity-building activities by providing a forum with conventional and potential sources of funding.


Why it is Important for IAS 2016:

The hindu cited first report of this body on extinction of pollinators and its impact on global food supply


Related Treaty

Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD):

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is a multilateral treaty. The Convention has three main goals:

  1. conservation of biological diversity (or biodiversity);
  2. sustainable use of its components; and
  3. fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources



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27th Feb 2016 – Current Affairs Summary

SC asks Centre if National Courts of Appeal can be set up:

National Courts of Appeal can deal only with constitutional issues.


Hindu Article
Do we really Need national court of appeal


Draft National Wildlife Action Plan – short comings

Download the draft from here –

News Articles on this:
Short note
Short comings on first post


Cancer cases doubled in India between 1990 and 2013

5% increase during 2012 and 2014


Pollinators no falls – will cause short in food production

26th Feb – Current Affairs Summary

Child Mortality of India(U5MR) – 48 deaths per 1000 – 3rd Highest among SAARC countries

    • As per Office of Registrar General of India, the U5MR is as follows for last few years:
    • Year U5MR
      2000 85
      2005 77
      2010 59
      2011 55
      2012 52
      2015 49
      2014 48
    • MDG target for U5MR was set at 42 per 1000 to be achieved till 2015

NCRB data – Juvenile crime up by 47% in last 5 years

  • 33250 cases in 2014 compared to 22740 in 2010

Polity related topics to cover:

  • Sedition vs free speech/hate speech – listen Arun Jaitely RS speech – Article 19(b) – IPC provision 153, 125
  • Juvenile Justice Act – amendments and original

5/20 in Airlines:

  • In 2005, govt made a rule that an Indian carrier must be 5 year old and have min 20 planes to fly abroad. This is known as 5/20
  • This type of rule does not exists globally
  • New airlines like Vistara, Air Asia are opposing it saying this is discriminatory to Indian airlines as foreign airlines dont meet this norm but are allowed to operate in Indian skies.
  • Foreign airlines account 70% of International traffic of India
  • 5/20 removal impact – new airlines will fly overseas from small Indian citied. Big metro airports build for almost 50K crore will not get enough traffice. Their user charge will rise.
  • removal will bring more comptition and hence lowering the fares.

Business Topic to cover:

  • steps taken to discourage cash transactions and encourage online/card transactions
  • Why card transactions are being encouraged – Blackmoney bill etc